LEGAL CLASSES OF WHEELCHAIR AND WHERE YOU CAN USE THEM

Legal classes of wheelchair and where you can use them

The law which governs which types of wheelchair can be used where is called “The Use of Invalid Carriages on Highways Regulation 1998”.

 

Class 1

Manual wheelchairs which are propelled by the wheelchair user or their attendant and which are electrically powered. These are predominantly to be used on the pavement.

 

Class 2

Powered wheelchairs and scooters which have a maximum speed of 4 mph. Lights are not required on these and they are allowed on the pavement only.

 

Class 3

These are powered wheelchairs and other outdoor powered vehicles (including scooters) which have a maximum speed of 8 mph on roads and 4 mph. These vehicles must be registered with the DVLA.

 

These are the features which a Class 3 vehicle must have or you could be stopped by the police:

The law which governs which types of wheelchair can be used where is called “The Use of Invalid Carriages on Highways Regulation 1998”.

  • Maximum unladen weight 150kg (330lbs)
  • Maximum width of 0.85m (2ft 9in)
  • A device to limit speed to 4mph
  • A maximum speed of 8mph
  • An efficient braking system
  • Front and rear lights and reflectors
  • Direction indicators which can also operate as a hazard warning signal
  • Rear view mirror
  • Amber flashing light if used on a dual carriageway
  • An audible horn

You can use a Class 3 vehicle:

The law which governs which types of wheelchair can be used where is called “The Use of Invalid Carriages on Highways Regulation 1998”.

  • On footpaths, pavements, bridleways and pedestrian areas at a maximum speed of 4pmh.
  • On most roads at a maximum speed of 8mph, following the rules of the Highway Code.

 

You cannot use a Class 3 vehicle:

The law which governs which types of wheelchair can be used where is called “The Use of Invalid Carriages on Highways Regulation 1998”.

  • On motorways, cycle lanes or bus lanes.

It is inadvisable to use a Class 3 vehicle:

On unrestricted dual carriageways with a speed limit of more than 50mph. Four-wheeled vehicles must always use an amber flashing light.

 

More information about Class 3 vehicles:

  • A Class 3 vehicles is not legally classed as a motor vehicle, so people using them are not required to take a test or have a driving licence.
  • Road tax is not due on Class 3 vehicles but you must display a “nil value” tax disc, available from DVLA.
  • Class 3 vehicles can only be used by people aged 14 or over.
  • Insurance is not legally required. However, North Staffs Wheelchair Users Group strongly recommend that wheelchair users take out third party insurance which covers against personal liability in the event of an accident.

Things to consider

  • Do not use your Class 3 vehicle if you think that medication or any other factor may affect your driving ability. Speak to your GP if you are unsure.
  • You should be able to read a car number plat from 12.3m (40ft).
  • Do not use a Class 3 vehicle if you are under the influence of alcohol or drugs.
  • Show courtesy to pedestrians and other road users by driving safely and sensibly.